Head and Neck Cancer – Symptoms and Signs – Treatment | Cancer Info
Head and Neck Cancers that understand collective as head and neck cancers normally start in the squamous cells that line the more, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck (for example, inside side the mouth, the nose, and the throat). These squamous cell cancers are every time referred to as squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Head and neck cancers can also start in the salivary glands, but salivary gland cancers are nearly not normal. Salivary glands contain many other steps of cells that can become cancerous, so there are more other steps of salivary gland cancer.Head and Neck Cancer – Symptoms and Causes Below.
Head and Neck Cancer – Symptoms and Causes – Treatment
Cancers of the head and neck are further categorized by the area of the head or neck in which they begin. These areas are described below and labeled in the image of head and neck cancer regions.
Head and Neck Cancer Causes
Alcohol and tobacco users (including smokeless tobacco, sometimes called “chewing tobacco” or “snuff”) are the 2 more very important risk facts for head and neck cancers, especial cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. Maximum 75 % of head and neck cancers are caused by tobacco and alcohol use. People who use 2 tobacco and alcohol are at greater risk of developing these cancers than people who use either tobacco or alcohol alone. Tobacco and alcohol use are not risk factors for salivary gland cancers.
Infection with cancer-causing types of human papillomavirus (HPV), especially HPV-16, is a risk factor for the little type of head and neck cancers, portion wise oropharyngeal cancers that involve the tonsils or the base of the tongue. In the U.S, the incidence of oropharyngeal cancers caused by HPV infection is increasing, while the incidence of oropharyngeal cancers related to different causes is falling. Many information is available in the HPV and Cancer fact sheet.
Head and Neck Cancer Symptoms
The symptoms of head and neck cancers may include a lump or a sore that does not heal, a sore throat that does not go way, complicated in swallowing, and a change or hoarseness in the voices. These symptoms may also be caused by different, low serious position. It is very important to see a doctor or dentist about any of that type of symptoms. Symptoms that may affect specific areas of the head & neck include the following things:
A white or red patch on the gums, the tongue, or the lining of the mouth; a swelling of the jaw that causes dentures to fit poorly or become not flexible; and not normally bleeding or pain in the mouth.
Trouble breathing or speaking; pain when swallowing; pain in the neck or the throat that does not go away; frequent headaches, pain, or ringing in the ears; or problem hearing.
Pain when swallowing or ear feeling pain.
Paranasal Sinuses and Nasal Cavity
Sinuses that are blocked and do not clear; chronic sinus infections that do not a response to treatment with antibiotics; bleeding through the nose; frequent headaches, swelling or other problem with the eyes; pain in the upper teeth; or problems with dentures.
Swelling under the chin or around the jawbone, numbness or paralysis of the muscles in the face, or pain in the face, the chin, or the neck that does not go away.
How to Reduce the Risk Factors of Head and Neck Cancer
People who are at risk of head and neck cancers―particularly those who use tobacco―should talk with their doctor about ways that they may be able to above their risk. They should also discuss with their doctor how often to have checkups. In extra, ongoing clinical trials experiment the effectiveness of different medications in preventing head and neck cancers in people who have a high risk of developing these diseases.
Head and Neck Cancer Treatment
The treatment plan for a separate patient depends on a number of factors, including the exact location of the tumor, the step of cancer, and the person’s age and normal health. Treatment for head and neck cancer can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of treatments.
People who are diagnosed with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer may be treated other than people with oropharyngeal cancers that are HPV-negative. Recent research has shown that patients with HPV- plus oropharyngeal tumors have a improve prognosis and may do just as well on less intense treatment. An ongoing clinical trial is investigating this question.