High Blood Pressure or Hypertension Symptoms, Types & Diet | American Heart Association
High Blood Pressure or Hypertension is the complete force of your blood push opposite of the side walls of your arteries. All time your heart pumping; it high beat blood inside of the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, during pumps, your blood pressure falls. This is called diastolic pressure.
High Blood Pressure or Hypertension Symptoms, Types & Diet
Your blood pressure reading uses the 2 numbers. Normally the systolic number comes first or up the diastolic number. A reading of
119/79 or lowest is normally blood pressure
140/90 or tappets is high blood pressure
During one hundred twenty and one hundred thirty-nine for the upper number, or during eighty and eighty-nine for the bottom number is called prehypertension. Prehypertension means you may end up with high blood pressure unless you take stages to prevent it.
High blood pressure normally has no symptoms, but it can cause dangerous problems like as stroke, heart failure, heart attack and kidney failure.
Blood Pressure Chart
Use the blood pressure chart below to see what your blood pressure means. The blood pressure chart is good for adults of any age of the life. (The level for high blood pressure does not change with age.)
Blood pressure readings have 2 numbers, for example, 140/90 mmHg.
The top number is your systolic blood pressure. (The highest pressure when your heart beats and pushes the blood round your body.) The lower 1 is your diastolic blood pressure. (The lower pressure when your heart good during beats.)
The blood pressure chart down you can see ranges of up, down and healthy blood pressure readings.
Blood Pressure Types
The 5 blood pressure ranges as recognized by the American Heart Association are:
Normal blood pressure
Congratulations on having blood pressure numbers that are within the normal (optimal) range of less than 120/80 mm Hg. Keep up the good work and stick with heart-healthy habits like following a balanced diet and getting regular exercise.
Prehypertension (starting stage high blood pressure)
Prehypertension is when blood pressure is consistently ranging from 120_139 / 80_89 MM HG. Persons with prehypertension are like to develop high blood pressure unless stages are taken to control it.
Hypertension Step 1
Hypertension Ste one is when blood pressure is consistently ranging from 140_159 / 90_99 MM HG. At this step of high blood pressure, doctors are like to prescribe living style changes and may consider adding blood pressure treatment.
Hypertension Step 2
Hypertension Step two is that time blood pressure is consistently ranging at levels greater than 160 / 100MM HG. At this step of high blood pressure, doctors are like to prescribe cantors of blood pressure treatments that with living style makes different.
This is when high blood pressure needed urgent medical attention. If your blood pressure is higher than 180 / 110 MM HG and you are NOT experiencing symptoms like as chest feeling pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, changes in vision or difficulty speaking, till waiting about 5 minutes and take it again. If the reading is still at or up that level, you should CALL 9-1_1 and get help on urgent basis. Learn many about the 2 stages of hypertensive crises.
- By making these ten living style different, you can lower your blood pressure and increase your risk of heart different diseases.
- By Mayo Clinic Staff
- If you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you might be feeling worried about taking treatments to take your numbers down.
- Living style plays an importance work in treatment your high blood pressure.
- If you successfully control your blood pressure with a healthy living style, you might take care, delay or reduce the required for treatments.
- Here are ten living styles different you can make to lower your blood pressure and keep it down.
- Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline
- Blood pressure often increases as weight reduces. Being overweight also can cause disrupted breathing when you sleep (sleep apnea), which further raises your blood pressure.
- Weight loss is one of the more effective living styles different for controlling blood pressure. Losing just 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) can help reduce your blood pressure.
- Besides shedding pounds, you normally should also keep an eye on your waistline. Carrying too much weight around your waist can put you at greater risk of high blood pressure.
Men are at risk if their waist measurement is greater than forty inches (one hundred two centimeters).
Female are at risk if their waist measurement is greater than thirty-five inches (eighty-nine centimeters).
These numbers vary among ethnic groups. Ask your doctor about a healthy waist measurement for you.
Ten Ways to Control High Blood Pressure Without Treatments
Regular physical activity _ at least thirty minutes many days of the week — can lower your blood pressure by four to nine millimeters of mercury (MM Hg). It’s importance to be consistent because if you not exercising, your blood pressure can rise again.
If you have slightly high blood pressure (prehypertension), exercise can help you avoid developing full-blown hypertension. If you really have hypertension, regular physical activities can take your blood pressure down to safe levels.
The best steps of exercise for lowering blood pressure include walking, jogging, cycling, swimming or dancing. Strength training also can help increase blood pressure. Talk to your doctor about improvement an exercise program.
Eat a healthy diet
Eating a diet that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low _ fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol can lower your blood pressure by up to 14 MM HG. This eating plan is known as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.
It isn’t very easily to make different your eating habits, but with these points, you can adopt a healthy diet:
Keep a food diary. Write down what you want to eat, even for just a weeks, can shed surprising light on your true eating habits. Monitor what you eat, how much, when and why.
Consider boosting potassium. Potassium can lessen the effects of sodium on blood pressure. The good source of potassium is food, like as fruits and vegetables, rather than supplements. Discuss with your doctor about the potassium level that’s good for you.
Be a smart shopper. Read food labels when you shop and stick to your healthy-eating plan when you’re dining out, too.
Reduce sodium in your diet
Even a small reduction in the sodium in your diet can reduce blood pressure by two to eight mm Hg.
The effect of sodium intake on blood pressure varies among groups of people. In general, limit sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less. However, a lower sodium intake _ 1,500 mg every day or less _ is appropriate for persons with greater salt sensitivity, including:
- Anyone age fifty-one or older
Anyone diagnosed with high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease
To decrease sodium in your diet, consider these points:
Read food labels. If possible, choose low-sodium alternatives of the foods and beverages you usually buy.
Eat fewer processed foods. Only a small amount of sodium occurs naturally in foods. Most sodium is added during processing.
Don’t add salt. Just 1 level teaspoon of salt has 2,300 mg of sodium. Use herbs or spices to add flavor to your food.
Ease into it. If you don’t feel you can drastically reduce the sodium in your diet suddenly, cut back gradually. Your palate will settle extra time.
Limit the amount of alcohol you drink
Alcohol can be both best and bad for your health. In little amounts, it can potentially lower your blood pressure by two to four mm Hg.
But that protective effect is lost if you drink too much alcohol _ normally many than one drink in one day for the female and for male older than age sixty-five, or many than 2 in one day for male age sixty-five and youngest. 1 drink equals twelve ounces of beer, five ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor.
Drinking many than moderate amounts of alcohol can actually raise blood pressure by several tips. It can also increase the effectiveness of blood pressure treatments.
Each cigarette you smoke reduce your blood pressure for more minutes after you finish. Quitting smoking helps your blood pressure return to normal. Persons who quit smoking, regardless of age, have substantial increases in life expectancy.
Cut back on caffeine
The role caffeine plays in blood pressure is still debated. Caffeine can raise blood pressure by as much as ten mm Hg in persons who rarely consume it, but there is some to no strong effect on blood pressure in habitual coffee drinkers.
Although the effects of chronic caffeine ingestion on blood pressure aren’t clear, the possible of a slight increase in blood pressure exists.
To see if caffeine raises your blood pressure, check your pressure within thirty minutes of drinking a caffeinated beverage. If your blood pressure increases by five to ten mm Hg, you may be sensitive to the blood pressure-raising effects of caffeine. Discuss to your doctor about the effects of caffeine on your blood pressure.
Reduce your stress
Chronic stress is an important contributor to high blood pressure. Occasional stress also can contribute to high blood pressure if you react to stress by eating unhealthy food, drinking alcohol or smoking.
Get time to think about what causes you to feel stressed, such as work, family, finances or illness. Once you know what’s causing your stress, consider how you can eliminate or increase stress.
If you can’t eliminate all of your stressors, you can at least cope with them in a healthier way. Try to:
Change your expectations. Give yourself time to take things done. Learn to tell no and to live within manageable limits. Try to understand to accepting things you can’t change.
Think about problems under your control and make a plan to solve them. You could talk to your boss about problems at work or to family members about problems at home.
Know your stress triggers. Take care whatever triggers you can. For example, spend low time with persons who disturb you or avoid driving in rush hour traffic.
Make time to relax and to do activities you enjoy. Take fifteen to twenty minutes a day to sit quietly and breathe deeply. Try to all over the world enjoy what you do rather than hurrying through your “relaxing activity” at a stressful pace.
Practice gratitude. Expressing gratitude to others can help increase stressful thoughts.
Monitor Your Blood Pressure at Home and See Your Doctor Daily
Home monitoring can help you keep tabs on your blood pressure, make certain your living style different are working, and alert you and your doctor to potential health complications. Blood pressure checking is available widely and without a prescription. Talk to your doctor about home checking first you get started.
Daily visits with your doctor are also keys to control your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is under control, you might need to check up your doctor only each 6 to twelve months, it depends on other situation you might have. If your blood pressure isn’t well controlled, your doctor will likely want to see you more frequently.
Supportive family and friends can help develop your health. They may give you strongly to take care of yourself, drive you to the doctor’s office or embark on a work program with you to see your blood pressure low.
If you find you need support beyond your family and friends, consider joining a support group. This may put you in touch with persons who can give you an emotional or moral boost and who can offer practical points to cope with your condition.