Smoking – How Does Smoking Affect the Heart and Blood
Smoking is not good for your health. Smoking harms very near all organ of the body. Cigarette smoking causes eighty-seven% of lung cancer deaths. It is also researchable for more other cancers and health problems. These include lung disease, heart, and blood vessel disease, stroke and cataracts. Female who smoke have a bigger chance of certain pregnancy problems or having a baby die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).Smoking-How Does Smoking Affect the Heart and Blood Vessels read here.
Smoking – Quit Smoking
Your smoke is also bad for another person they breathe in your smoke 2ndhand and can take many of the same problems as smokers do. E-cigarettes often look like cigarettes, but they work other. They are battery operated smoking devices. Not much is known about the health risks of using them.
Quitting smoking can increase your risk of health problems. The before you quit, the bigger the benefit.
Smoking and Death
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the U.S One
Cigarette smoking causes many than 480,000 deaths every year in the U.S. This is nearest one in 5 deaths. One, Two, Three
Smoking causes many deaths every year than the following causes combined:
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Illegal drug use
- Alcohol use
- Motor vehicle injuries
- Firearm-related incidents
More than ten times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the U.S during its history.
Smoking causes about 90 Percent (or nine out of ten) of all lung cancer deaths in male and female. More female die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.5
About 80 percent (or eight out of ten) of all deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are caused by smoking.
Cigarette smoking introduces risk for death from all causes in male and female. One
The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has reduced over the last years in male and female in the U. S
Smoking and deduce Health Risks
Smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to develop heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer.
Smoking is estimated to increase the risk
For coronary heart disease by to four times
For stroke by two to four times
Of male developing lung cancer by twenty-five times
Of female developing lung cancer by 25.7 times
Smoking causes diminished overall health, reduced absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost.
Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease
Smokers are at greater risk for diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease).
Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease, which are among the leading causes of death in the U. S
However, persons who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease.
Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicken and grow narrower. This makes your heart beat faster and your blood pressure go up. Clots can also form.
A stroke occurs when a clot blocks the blood flow to part of your brain or when a blood vessel in or around your brain bursts.
Blockages caused by smoking can also reduce blood flow to your legs and skin.
Smoking and Respiratory Disease
Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging your airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in your lungs.
Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.
If you have asthma, tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make an attack worse.
Smokers are 12 to 13 times more likely to die from COPD than nonsmokers.
Risks From Smoking
Smoking Can Damage Every Part of the Body
Smoking Can Damage Every Part of the Body
Smoking and Cancer
Smoking can cause cancer almost anywhere in your body: (See figure above)
- Blood (acute myeloid leukemia)
- Colon and rectum (colorectal)
- Kidney and ureter
- Oropharynx (includes parts of the throat, tongue, soft palate, and the tonsils)
- Trachea, bronchus, and lung
Smoking also reduces the risk of dying from cancer and other diseases in cancer patients and survivors.
If nobody smoked, one of every three cancer deaths in the United States would not happen.
Smoking and Other Health Risks
Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and affects a person’s overall health.
Smoking can make it harder for a female to become pregnant and can affect her baby’s health before and after birth. Smoking reduces risks for:
- Preterm (early) delivery
- Stillbirth (death of the baby before birth)
- Low birth weight
- Sudden infant death syndrome (known as SIDS or crib death)
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Orofacial clefts in infants
- Smoking can also affect male’s sperm, which can reduce fertility and also increase risks for birth defects and miscarriage.
- Smoking can affect bone health.
female past childbearing years who smoke have weaker bones than women who never smoked, and are at greater risk for broken bones.
Smoking affects the health of your teeth and gums and can cause tooth loss.
Smoking can reduce your risk for cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens that makes it hard for you to see) and age-related macular degeneration (damage to a small spot near the center of the retina, the part of the eye needed for central vision).
Smoking is a cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus and can make it harder to control. The risk of developing diabetes is 30_40 percent higher for active smokers than nonsmokers.
Smoking causes general adverse effects on the body, including inflammation and decreased immune function.
Smoking is a cause of rheumatoid arthritis.
Quitting and Reduced Risks
Quitting smoking cuts cardiovascular risks. Just one year after quitting smoking, your risk for a heart attack drops sharply.
Within two to five years after quitting smoking, your risk for stroke could fall to about the same as a nonsmoker’s.
If you quit smoking, your risks for cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder drop by half within 5 years.
Ten years after you quit smoking, your risk of lung cancer drops by half.
United States Department of Health and Human Services.The Health Consequences of Smoking Fifty Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014 [accessed 2015 Oct 5].
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You. Atlanta: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2010 [accessed 2015 Oct 5].
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. QuickStats: Number of Deaths from Ten Leading Causes National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2013:62(08);155. [accessed 2015 Oct 5].
Mokdad AH, Marks JS, Stroup DF, Gerberding JL. Actual Causes of Death in the United States. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association 2004;291(10):1238–45 [cited 2015 Oct 5].
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General, 2001 [accessed 2015 Oct 5].
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Reducing the Health Consequences of Smoking: 25 Years of Progress.A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1989 [accessed 2015 Oct 5].
Treatment Recommendations for Smoking
The Clinical Practice Guideline Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update states, “All smokers trying to quit should be offered treatment, except when contraindicated or for specific populations for which there is insufficient evidence of effectiveness,” i.e., pregnant women, smokeless tobacco users, light smokers, and adolescents (for recommendations to treat pregnant women, smokeless tobacco users, light smokers, and adolescents go to Treatment Recommendations for Special Populations).
Appropriate use of tobacco dependence medications reduces withdrawal symptoms and nearly doubles the chances of success for a given quit attempt. Delivering such treatments is cost-effective and is a key part of a multi-faceted approach to help patients stop smoking.
There are seven first-line medications that reliably increase long-term smoking abstinence rates.
- Nicotine gum
- Nicotine inhaler
- Nicotine lozenge
- Nicotine nasal spray
- Nicotine patch
- Bupropion SR
Clinicians should also consider the use of certain combinations of medications identified as effective in the Guideline.
Long term (>fourteen weeks) nicotine patch + other NRT
The nicotine patch + the nicotine inhaler
The nicotine patch + Bupropion SR
Main Point: Encourage patients making a quit attempt to use both counseling and treatment. Counseling and treatment are effective when used by themselves for treating tobacco dependence. However, the cantors of counseling and treatment are much effective than either one alone.